When you have a sinus infection, sometimes it can be hard to differentiate it from a cold or flu.
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis, is a condition in which the sinuses become inflamed and swollen. This inflammation can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection, allergies, or other factors. A cold, on the other hand, is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system, including the nose and throat.
What are the symptoms of a sinus infection?
While the symptoms of a sinus infection and a cold can be similar, there are some differences. The symptoms of a cold typically include:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Mild body aches
Sinus infection symptoms can include all of the above, as well as:
- Pain and pressure in the sinuses (cheeks, forehead, or behind the eyes)
- Thick, discolored nasal discharge
It’s important to note that a cold can sometimes lead to a sinus infection, especially if the nasal passages become blocked and mucus is unable to drain properly. If you are experiencing symptoms of a cold or sinus infection, it is best to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.
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What causes sinus pressure?
Sinus pressure can be caused by several factors, including:
- Sinusitis: This is a condition where the sinuses become inflamed and swollen due to an infection or allergies. The inflammation can cause pressure, pain, and congestion in the sinuses.
- Allergies: Allergies can cause inflammation in the nasal passages, leading to congestion and sinus pressure.
- Changes in air pressure: Changes in air pressure, such as those experienced during air travel or changes in weather, can cause sinus pressure and pain.
- Nasal polyps: These are noncancerous growths in the lining of the nose and sinuses, which can cause congestion and sinus pressure.
- Deviated septum: A deviated septum is a condition where the nasal septum (the cartilage that separates the nostrils) is crooked or off-center, which can cause congestion and sinus pressure.
- Colds and flu: Viral infections can cause inflammation in the sinuses, leading to pressure and congestion.
- Tooth infection: An infection in a tooth located near the sinuses can cause sinus pressure and pain.
- Tumors: Rarely, tumors in the sinuses can cause pressure, pain, and congestion.
If you are experiencing sinus pressure, it is best to see a doctor to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.
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